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  • 28-Jul-2021 04:53 pm
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This PySpark tutorial covers the following topics.

  • What is PySpark?
  • What is Apache Spark?
  • Key features of PySpark
  • Benefits of using PySpark
  • Who can learn PySpark
  • Conclusion

What is PySpark?

PySpark is the user interface of Apache Spark in Python. It allows you to write Spark applications using Python interfaces, but it also allows you to use the PySpark shell for interactive data analysis in a distributed environment. PySpark supports most Spark features such as Spark SQL, DataFrame, Streaming, MLlib (machine learning), and Spark Core.

With the PySpark API, experienced data scientists using the Python language can write program logic in the language they know best and use it to quickly transform large data sets in a distributed fashion, retrieving results in Python-appropriate notations. PySpark is a great language to learn to build more scalable analytics and pipelines.

What is Apache Spark?

Apache Spark is an open-source computing engine designed for speed, ease of use, and analytics. Spark is designed to take advantage of distributed, in-memory data structures to accelerate the processing of most workloads. Spark runs up to 100 times faster than Hadoop MapReduce for iterative algorithms or interactive data mining. It also supports Java, Scala, and Python programming interfaces for easy development.

With Apache Spark, users can easily read, transform and combine data, and build and apply complex statistical models. Apache Spark can build applications or package them into libraries for cluster deployment or quick interactive analysis using Notepad.

Key features of PySpark

Resilient Distributed Dataset

Apache Spark is based on a flexible distributed dataset (RDD) of immutable objects in a Java virtual machine (JVM). Since we are working with Python, it is important to know that Python data is stored in these JVM objects, which perform computations of arbitrary tasks very quickly. RDD datasets are computed, cached, and stored in memory for faster computations than in other traditional distributed systems, such as Apache Hadoop, and preserves the flexibility and scalability of the Hadoop platform to perform a wide range of computations. RDDs apply and write transformations to data in parallel, which increases speed and fault tolerance. By storing the transformations, RDDs impart linearity to the data - the shape of the line at each intermediate step in the graph, preventing the data loss in the RDD. If a part of the RDD is lost, there is still enough information to recreate that part, rather than relying solely on replication.

Data Frames

DataFrames were developed to facilitate the management of large data sets further. They allow developers to formalize the data structure and achieve a higher level of abstraction; in this sense, DataFrames are similar to relational database tables. DataFrames provide an API to an industry-specific distributed computing language, making Spark accessible to more than just data scientists.

One of the main advantages of DataFrame is that the Spark engine first generates a logical execution plan and then executes the generated code based on the physical plan defined by the cost optimizer. In contrast to RDD, which can be significantly slower in Python than in Java or Scala, the adoption of DataFrame has led to performance convergence in all languages.

Catalyst optimization

Spark SQL is one of the most advanced technical parts of Apache Spark, supporting both SQL queries and the DataFrame API. At the heart of Spark SQL is the Catalyst optimizer. The optimizer is based on functional programming structures and was designed with two goals. To make it easy to add new optimization techniques and features to Spark SQL and allow external developers to extend the optimizer.

PySpark's advantages are that it can be used by developers to facilitate the development of optimization tools and to help extend the functionality of Spark Spark.

Ease of writing

Arguably, it is very easy to write parallel code for simple problems.

The framework handles bugs.

The framework can easily handle synchronization points and errors.


Many useful algorithms have already been implemented in Spark.


Compared to Scala, Python has much better existing libraries. Due to many available libraries, most of the data processing components have been ported from R to Python.

Good local tools

There are no good visualization tools for Scala, but there are good local tools for Python.


Compared to Scala, Python is again easy to use.

Who can learn PySpark?

Python is increasingly becoming a powerful language for data processing and machine learning. Using the Py4j library, Spark can use Python. Python is widely used in machine learning and computer science. Python supports parallel computing. Data scientists, data analysts, developers, and IT professionals can opt to learn PySpark.

The prerequisites are.

- Python programming skills

- Knowledge of big data and systems such as Spark.

PySpark is suitable for anyone who wants to work with big data.

Final Thoughts

By combining local and distributed computation, PySpark can dramatically speed up analysis while keeping computational costs under control. It also allows data scientists to avoid constantly shrinking large datasets. For example, when training a machine learning system or building a recommendation system, using a full dataset can significantly impact the quality of results. The use of distributed processing can also facilitate the addition of new data types to existing datasets.

So, if you want to make a career out of PySpark, we'd love to help you. As PySpark, we are also one of the leading PySpark online training providers. Our expert instructors have developed the PySpark certification and PySpark course based solely on industry requirements and standards. So, learn PySpark online and realize your dream of becoming a big player in the technology sector.

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